Apprendre l’anglais > Cours & exercices d’anglais > Exercices d’anglais > test d’anglais n°66565 : Too much, too many, too
Too much, too many, too
J’ai trop chaud ou trop froid…
Ne mange pas trop !
J’ai trop de travail.
Il y a trop de gens.
Comment traduire ‘trop’ en anglais ?
En utilisant ‘too much’ – ‘too many’ – ‘too’
sera employé avec un nom singulier
sera employé avec un nom pluriel
le nom peut être exprimé ou bien simplement sous-entendu
sera employé devant un adjectif
I have drunk too much (sous-entendu too much wine)
J’ai trop bu ( de vin)
Last winter there was too much snow
L’hiver dernier il y a eu trop de neige
How many cigarettes have you smoked today ? ‘too many’
Combien de cigarettes avez-vous fumées dans la journée ? ‘trop’
(trop de cigarettes)
There are too many dogs in towns !
Il y a trop de chiens dans les villes !
What warmth ! It is really too warm in this country.
Quelle chaleur ! Il fait vraiment trop chaud dans ce pays.
He is dressed too warmly.
Il est habillé trop chaudement.
Pour aller un petit peu plus loin …..
Si ‘too many’ ou ‘too much’ précède un pronom ou un déterminant alors on utilisera : too much of / too many of
Don’t eat too many of these sausages or you will be ill.
Ne mange pas trop de ces saucisses sinon tu seras malade.
Too much peut aussi être utilisé comme adverbe seul
He shouts too much – Il crie trop
A noter :
Si dans la notion d’excès vous voulez plutôt exprimer le fait qu’il y a ‘tellement de..‘ quelque chose,
alors vous utiliserez ‘so much‘ ou ‘so many‘
There was so much snow that I walked with difficulty on the path.
Il y avait tellement de neige que j’avançais avec peine sur le sentier.
Notez la différence avec l’exemple précédent :
There was too much snow, so I decided to stay at home.
Il y avait trop de neige c’est pourquoi j’ai décidé de rester à la maison.
Dans l’exercice qui va suivre, je vous propose des phrases très courtes et très simples .
Il faudra choisir entre too, too much ou too many.
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1. It is warm here ! you should open the window.
2. He drives fast ; he may have an accident.
3. There is noise, I can’t hear you.
4. There are cars, we’d better take the tube.
5. I have drunk coffee, I feel nervous.
6. I have eaten biscuits, I feel sick.
7. I have eaten of them !
8. I eat ; I am too big !
9. I change my mind often.
10. My bag is heavy, I can’t carry it.
11. She is singing loud, it’s awful !
12. I have work, I’ll never finish before 8.00 pm.
13. There are snakes in that country.
14. It is expensive, I’ll never buy it.
15. You are young to go abroad on your own.
16. Don’t take risks ! it may be dangerous.
17. I smoke ; I’d better stop smoking.
Fin de l’exercice d’anglais « Too much, too many, too »
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Example sentences from the Collins Corpus
These examples have been automatically selected and may contain sensitive content that does not reflect the opinions or policies of Collins, or its parent company HarperCollins.
Our’have a go’ compensation culture makes whiplash the fraud of choice for too many.
In retrospect, it looks as if there were too many conflicts of interest going on.
You daren’t take too many backward steps or you would end up over the cliff.
Too many people see barristers as greedy fat cats who are only in it for themselves.
The stewards actually did little about the persistent standing, partly because too many fans were on their feet.
If there are still too many advantages then change will be impossible.
Now there are too many plots vying for attention, and none of them are that gripping.
Too many groups had been stirring up revolutionary expectations.
Too many parents are ignorant of this modern take on an age-old problem, but they need to get wise to it.
I probably have too many ginger biscuits with my tea!
1. There were girls at the party !
2. Tom ate cakes and now he feels sick.
3. The children spend time watching television.
4. There are cars on the roads these days ! It’s terrible !
5. Sorry, I can’t come. I’ve got work to do.
6. I didn’t arrive in time; there was traffic.
7. That child is fat. He eats sweets.
8. I couldn’t eat that meal because there was salt in it.
9. We have got plates: we need only five !
10. Don’t buy cheese ! Kate and Mary don’t like it.
Essential French Expression
Meaningtoo much, too many; unwantedRegisternormalPronunciation [deu troh]IPA [də tʀo]
Usage notes: The French expression de trop means »too much » or « too many » when it follows a noun or verb.
Tu as une valise de trop. You have one too many suitcases / one suitcase too manyJ’ai acheté deux billets de trop. I bought two tickets too many.Il mange de trop quand il est nerveux. He eats too much when he’s nervous.Vous vous plaignez de trop. You complain too much.
De trop vs trop (de)
These two phrases mean more or less the same thing, but they are different grammatically.
1) With nouns – de trop vs trop de
De trop Trop dePlacement Follows the noun Precedes the noun dix litres de trop
ten liters too many trop de litres
too many litersAmount Required Optional une rame de papier de trop
one ream of paper too many trop de papier, trop de rames de papier
too much paper, too many reams of paper
2) With verbs – de trop vs trop
De trop TropSimple conjugation Follows the verb Follows the verb Tu bois de trop.
You drink too much. Tu bois trop.
Compound conjugation Follows the past participle Follows the helping verb J’ai bu de trop.
I drank too much. J’ai trop bu.
Dual-verb conjugation Follows the infinitive Follows the semi-auxiliary verb Je ne veux pas boire de trop.
I don’t want to drink too much. Je ne veux pas trop boire.
De trop can also have a negative meaning: unwanted, unnecessary, uncalled-for, over the top:
Elle se sentait de trop. She felt unwanted.Cette observation est de trop ! That comment is uncalled-for!
The figurative meaning is also found in English:
Her last party was a bit de trop.
Don’t you think five cars are rather de trop?
Your comment was de trop.
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Too is an adverb.
She’s okay but she’s feeling lonely because she lives on her own now .
Too bad . We were planning to go for a picnic .
The weather forecast says it’s going to rain again on Wednesday .
In speaking, we can use too bad or that’s too bad as a response token to express that we are sorry to hear about something. This is particularly common in American English:
Not: I doubt too much that …
I doubt very much that Ronan will be able to come to the party.
Not: I like it too much …
I like it very much because I got it from my husband.
We often use very much to emphasise verbs such as like, dislike, hope, doubt . We do not use too much in this way with these verbs:
We use very to add emphasis to an adjective or an adverb, but it does not mean the same as too .
We can use much and far with too for emphasis. Far too is stronger than much too :
The trip was cancelled because there was too little interest in it. ( too little + uncountable noun)
I don’t like this book because there are too few pictures in it. ( too few + countable noun; more formal than I don’t like this book because there aren’t enough pictures in it .)
There were too many dogs on the beach. ( too many + countable noun)
There’s too much salt in this soup. ( too much + uncountable noun)
When we want to talk about quantities which are more or less than enough, we use too much, too many, too few and too little before a noun:
Too much , too many , too few and too little
Two hours is too long to wait.
The water was too cold to swim in.
Too before adjective/adverb + to -infinitive
The car was travelling too fast and went out of control.
Not: It happened too much quickly.
It happened too quickly, so I just didn’t see it.
Not: This coffee is too much sweet.
This coffee is too sweet.
Too meaning ‘also’
We can use too to mean ‘also’. It is more common than also in informal situations. We normally use it at the end of the clause:
[in a restaurant, A is the waiter]
Have you decided?
I think I’ll have the soup.
I’ll have that too.
Catherine decided to join us for dinner, and her husband came along too. (or, more formal, … and her husband also came along.)
In short answers in informal situations, we normally say me too, not I too:
I love that colour.
In more formal situations, we can use too immediately after the subject:
You too could have a week in the sun. Visit www.holidaysforyou.com.
We don’t use too to emphasise adjectives and adverbs. We use very:
She was very beautiful. (very emphasises beautiful)
Not: She was too beautiful.